4 to 6kg
White, black, blue, red, cream and silver, plus various patterns and shadings
You may find this outgoing feline perched in strange postures, like lying flat on the floor with her legs splayed out, on her hind legs, sitting up like a meerkat or lying on her back, paws in the air.
A natural genetic mutation creates the unique folded ears for which Scottish Folds are known, but their ears work just as well as any other cat’s. They’re often described as resembling an owl. The ear folds range in appearance from a loose, single fold to tighter double and triple folds, which are closer to the head. Their folded ears may also appear perked. The Scottish Fold has a round face, round eyes and a round body.
Although responsible breeders do their best to eliminate serious diseases, the Scottish Fold may still suffer from degenerative joint disease, particularly in her tail, ankles and knees, as well as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Her folded ears make her more susceptible to ear infections.
Every Scottish Fold can trace her heritage back to a barn cat named “Susie”. She was a white cat with unique, folded ears, working as a mouser in a barn in the Tayside region of Scotland. She got the attention of William Ross, a shepherd, in 1961. He was given one of Susie’s kittens and named her “Snooks”.
When Snooks eventually had kittens, one of the males was bred with a British Shorthair, which began the breed’s development. The mutated gene that results in the folded ears is dominant, so it produces the trademark ear folds about 50 percent of the time. In addition to this gene, Susie also passed down a gene for long hair. Longhaired cats are known as “Highland Folds” with some cat associations.
Scottish Folds weren’t imported to the United States until the Early 1970s. By the mid 70s, they were recognized by most cat associations throughout North America.
Scottish Folds were first known as “lop-eared cats”.
They are not recognized as a breed in Scotland due to concerns about an increased risk of ear infections and deafness.
Kittens are born with straight ears and the folds appear around 3 weeks of age. About 50 percent of a litter will have folded ears.
Only Folds with folded ears are permitted in show rings.