Other Names :
Sami, Sammy, Samoyedskaya
Country of Origin :
A herding dog in northern Russia, the Samoyed acquired the name after the nomadic tribe it served. They were also used to guard the reindeer that they herded. The Sami worked closely with the tribe and shared their tents, so has a great love of family life. On occasion they were used to pull sleds or boats, but this work was usually reserved for the reindeer. Many explorers used these dogs at the turn of the century when there was an increase in polar exploration. After the expeditions many of these dogs returned home with the explorers. Mr and Mrs Kilburn-Scott first introduced the Samoyed into the UK at the beginning of this century after they saw them in their native country in 1889. They became popular very quickly and are still so to this day.
The Sami is a medium sized Spitz breed, showing the typical characteristics of erect, pricked ears and a tail curling over its back. They are white in colour with a weather resistant coat. Their feet are flat and have an abundance of hair between the toes and on the pads making them like snowshoes. Their unique feet prevent snow from forming ‘snowballs’ between the toes and hampering their working ability in their native lands.
The Samoyed can be pure white, white and biscuit or cream in colour.
Ideally dogs should measure between 51-56cms at the withers; bitches should measure between 46-51cms. The weight ranges between 23-30kgs, it should be in proportion with the overall size.
As a breed the Samoyed is a hardy dog that doesn’t suffer from many health problems. However they have been known to suffer from hip dysplasia, deafness, PRA and other eye problems, but the breeders are managing to keep the incidence of these under control.
The Samoyed is a member of the pastoral group. They were originally used for herding reindeer and pulling sledges; today they are used mainly as companions.
Feeding & Ownership
On the whole these dogs are not big eaters when you consider the amount of exercise they require.
In general the Samoyed is a friendly, outgoing and devoted dog. They are protective of their homes; no intruder will ever go unheard. Samoyeds get on well with children, make good family pets and like to be included in all family activities. However if they are left to their own devices they can be destructive and are known to enjoy digging. As they are great escape artists, a high fence around the garden is a good investment. They have to be socialised from an early age especially with cats and any other household pets. As a breed this dog can be quite vocal.
This can be a difficult dog to train, as they are known to be quite wilful, so patience is a must. They can be independent and will only do something because they enjoy being with their owner and at times they will happily go off and do their own thing. They are vocal and so must be trained to curtail this on command. As puppies these dogs should be properly socialised, especially with cats and other household pets.
Suitability for Children
Overall Exercise Requirement
The Sami needs a reasonable amount of exercise both on and off the lead. They do have a natural tendency to pull on a lead; however they can be trained to walk beside you.
Suitability as a Guard Dog
Ease of Transportation
Other Animal Compatibility
Grooming the Samoyed needs to be done on a daily basis, dogs seem to have a longer coat than bitches. A daily brush will keep them looking clean, with a more thorough grooming once a week. If the coat becomes wet or muddy leave it to dry, it is then easier to comb the dirt from the coat. In their native country the Sami will shed its undercoat once a year, normally in the summer. In centrally heated homes however they may shed twice a year. When the coat is being shed it will get everywhere and grooming will need to be more regular. However when they are not losing their undercoats they will not shed hair, so you will only have to put up with the loose hairs once, or twice, a year.
More than once a week
Amount of hair shed