The Leonberger dog was created in the 1840’s to resemble the lion of the Leonber town crest. It is a cross between a Newfoundland and  St Bernard, and a backcross to a Pyrenean Mountain dog. Another dog may also have been used in the creation of the Leonberger in order for the colour we see them in today to be developed. They became very popular and many distinguished people owned them. However during World War I they almost died out as people could not afford to feed them. The handful of dogs that were left were bred from carefully until the World War II when they were nearly all lost again. Today the Leonberger is still relatively rare but it is gaining in numbers and popularity.



The Leonberger is a large, strong and muscular dog. They have an unusual feature, webbed feet, which makes them good swimmers. 

Size Giant
Colour They can be light yellow, golden to red/brown in colour, with a black mask. Usually the hair on the underside of the tail, throat and front legs is a shade or two lighter than the rest. Some have white on the chest.
Coat Length Medium Long
Weight/Height Range Ideally dogs should measure between 72-80cms at the withers and weigh between 34 – 50kgs. Bitches should measure between 65-75cms and weigh between 30 – 50kgs.
Ailments The Leonberger is in general a healthy breed. As long as they have the correct diet to allow their proper growth there should not be too many bone and joint problems. Many breeders are now screening their dogs for hip problems.
Breed Classification
The Leonberger is a member of the working group. They were originally bred as companions and are still used as such today.

Feeding & Ownership


The young Leonberger must be fed the correct diet in the correct amounts.  
Food Cost More than $20



They are easy-going, placid, loyal and even-tempered. They get on well with other pets and children.


Intelligence The Leonberger is an intelligent dog, it learns quickly and will become aware of what is expected of it. Due to its large size training should be started as early as possible.
Energy Medium
Suitability for Children High
Tendency to Bark Low
Overall Exercise Requirement As a puppy this dog should not be over exercised or allowed free running up and down stairs. When the bones are properly developed then the exercise can be gradually increased. The adult Leonberger can and should have long walks and loves to run around and play. They also have a great love of water and like nothing better than a good swim
Suitability as a Guard Dog Medium
Ease of Transportation Low
Level of Aggression Low
Other Animal Compatibility High



The coat needs to be brushed and groomed on a regular basis to remove any dead and loose hair.  

Grooming RequirementsMore than once a week
Amount of Hair ShedLittle

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