Catnip is a perennial herb from the mint family labiatae.
The term 'catnip' is thought to originate from the response cats show towards the plant. It is the nepetalcataria variety that most cats enjoy.
What happens when my cat has catnip?
The active ingredient, nepetalactone, is an essential oil that alters the behavior of domestic and other cat species. Around half to two-thirds of cats will respond to this oil. Kittens may not react and only develop the full behavioral change at an older age.
A typical response includes sniffing, chewing, licking, head shaking, followed by chin, cheek, and body rubbing. The body rolling is similar to oestrous patterns and has thought to be an aphrodisiac, but this is unlikely.
Additional responses may include stretching, drooling, jumping, licking, aggression, and hyperactivity. The so-called "high" will usually last between five and ten minutes.
Is it harmful to my cat?
No, cats won't overdose as they usually will refuse it once they have had enough.
How can I give it to my cat?
Most pet shops will sell toys filled with catnip!
Fresh, it can be grown indoors.
Dried, you can sprinkle it on toys or the floor.
Spray, refresh old catnip toys or play areas.
How much can I give?
There is no specific dose. If dried, just a sprinkle at a time on scratching posts/floors, etc. Avoid feeding it in their bowl - if your cat eats too much, it can cause digestive problems.