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Great Pyrenean Mountain Dog
 
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Great Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Other Names: Great Pyrenees, Chien de Montagne des Pyrenees, Pyr
Country of Origin: France
Dog Group: Working Dog

Originback to top back to top

The Pyr originates from the Pyrenees Mountains that separate France from Spain. Their exact history is unknown but they have been guarding the flocks in France for millennia. Fossils predating the Bronze Age (1800-1000BC) of the breed type have been found. Before the French Revolution, the breed could be found guarding the large chateaux in southern France. Exactly what breeds contributed to their make-up are not known but the Kuvasz of Hungary, the Maremma Sheepdog of Italy and Anatolian Sheepdog of Turkey are all likely candidates bearing similar appearances to that of the Great Pyrenees. Dauphin Louis X1V named the breed the Royal Dog of France, though the peasants still used them to watch their flocks. These dogs were also used to smuggle contraband over the border between France and Spain as their sure-footedness enabled them to use passes that were impossible for humans, thereby avoiding detection by custom officials. Early in the 20th century, however, the breed was scarce and Bernard Senac-Langrange and M Dretzen can both be credited for saving the breed. To this day, the breed works in France guarding their flocks of sheep and herds of cattle from bears, wolves and other stock thieves.

Descriptionback to top back to top

They look as majestic as the mountains that give them their name - massive, beautiful and with tremendous elegance. With their glorious white coats and regal presence, Pyrs are a distinctive breed. They look immensely strong and yet are well-balanced with unhurried, steady and smooth movement which is driven by powerful hindquarters.

Size Giant
Colour They look as majestic as the mountains that give them their name - massive, beautiful and with tremendous elegance. With their glorious white coats and regal presence, Pyrs are a distinctive breed. They look immensely strong and yet are well-balanced with unhurried, steady and smooth movement which is driven by powerful hindquarters.
Coat Length Medium Long
Age Expectancy Pyrs normally live 11 or 12 years but it is not unheard of for them to live to 15 years and upwards.
Weight/Height Range Bitches normally stand between 65 to 72cms tall at the withers and dogs 70 to 80cms. Bitches usually weigh 40kgs plus and dogs between 50 to 60kgs.
Ailments

Pyrs are highly resistant to disease. Because of their size, they are, however, susceptible to bone and joint related problems. The puppies must be fed as per the breeder's diet sheet to stop the onset of these complications. Deafness is known in the breed due to the white colouration of their coats.

Common ailments: Blue Eye, Bones (Developmental) - Hip dysplasia, Bones (Developmental) - Patellar luxation, Brittle Bones, Deafness, Mouth - Cleft palate
Breed Classification Pyrenean Mountain Dogs belong to the pastoral group and are today used as companions and sheepdogs, as well as being seen in the show-ring.

Feeding & Ownershipback to top back to top

As puppies these dogs are very expensive to keep. You must follow the breeder's recommended diet sheet to ensure healthy growth of their bones. As they become adults, this cost will drop considerably as they are not really big eaters in comparison to their size.

Food Cost More than $20

Personalityback to top back to top

Pyrenean Mountain Dogs are now kind-natured and gentle dogs, thanks to generations of selective breeding worldwide. They are brave, intelligent, affectionate dogs who normally mix well with children and other household pets. They are loving and want to be included in all family activities. They can, however, be aggressive towards other dogs of a similar size. Strangers will be mistrusted and you and your family will be protected against any unwelcome strangers. Pyrs are reasonably independent and hardy but can also be stubborn and because of this are not really dogs for novices.

Intelligence Pyrenean Mountain Dogs are highly intelligent but do have a stubborn streak which can lead to problems if the handler is not consistent and loving. They must be trained from an early age with a firm hand as they are far too strong when fully grown and would, by then, be too independent.
Energy Low
Suitability for Children High
Tendency to Bark Low
Overall Exercise Requirement Exercising puppies must be done very gradually to avoid putting excess strain on their growing bones and tender tissues and, even with the adult dog, care must taken to build up exercise gradually. Having said that, for their size they really do not need copious amounts of exercise, but, in time, should be given free running off the lead as well as regular controlled walks.
Suitability as a Guard Dog High
Ease of Transportation Low
Level of Aggression Medium
Other Animal Compatibility High

Groomingback to top back to top

It is necessary to brush or comb this breed thoroughly once or even twice a day to remove loose hairs. This becomes even more important during the moulting times. Failure to do this will result in the coat matting and the dog's coat looking dull and unhealthy. They do require regular bathing and this is no easy task!

Grooming Requirements Every Day
Trimming Required Occassional
Amount of hair shed Heavy
Rate:  
Avg. 4.3 / Ratings: 24

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