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King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel

Other Names: English Toy Spaniel
Country of Origin: England
Dog Group: Toy

Originback to top back to top

The English Toy Spaniels ancestry can be trace back to Asian spaniels and some believe they were developed from the Pug, however the English Toy was primarily developed in the British Isles. This loving companion dog became a darling of the British royalty. The King Charles Spaniel got their name from King Charles II, who owned quite a few of them.

Descriptionback to top back to top

The King Charles Spaniel is a small, sturdy, square spaniel with a black, open nostril, pug like nose and dome-shaped skull. Their teeth should be slightly undershot and their eyes are large and round with a sweet expression. Their long feathered ears hang along their cheeks, their soft, silky coat is well feathered.

Size Small
Colour The King Charles Spaniel comes in two different coat colours Black & Tan, and Ruby (solid red, sometimes with a few white hairs or small white patch on the chest)
Coat Length Medium
Age Expectancy 10 -12 Years
Weight/Height Range The average height of dogs is 25 - 30cms and bitches are between 21 to 26cms and the weight for dogs is between 4.1 and 5.4kg and the bitches are 3.9 to 4.1Kgs.

The King Charles Spaniel can be prone to diabetes mellitus, joint problems such as Patellar luxations. They can also be prone to eye problems such as Cataracts and corneal dystrophy.

Feeding & Ownershipback to top back to top

These dogs are relatively easy to feed, not requiring any supplements or special diets. The main thing to remember is not to overfeed as they do have a tendency to become overweight.

Food Cost $5 to $10

Personalityback to top back to top

The breed is naturally well-behaved and intelligent. They are friendly with other dogs and are known to be good with all children. Do not allow this sweet dog to developed Small Dog Syndrome, this is a human induced behaviour where the dog is led to believe they are pack leader. If a dog develops Small Dog Syndrome they can display behaviours such as acting timid, demanding, willfulness and obsessive barking, however puppies should be well-socialised let them meet different people and animals in a positive environment, this way they will be exposure to a variety of situations.

Intelligence The King Charles Spaniel is an easy dog to train because they are intelligent and quickly grasp what is expected of them.
Energy Medium
Suitability for Children High
Tendency to Bark Medium
Overall Exercise Requirement This breed needs a daily walk, if they do not get enough mental and physical stimulation, they may become a nuisance.
Suitability as a Guard Dog Low
Ease of Transportation High
Level of Aggression Low
Other Animal Compatibility High

Groomingback to top back to top

The folds of their face can become dry so it is recommended that you apply lotion available from your veterinarian. Their coat is prone to matting so it is advised to brush them twice a week, paying special attention to the hair on their chest, behind the ears, and between the legs. It is also important to remove any dirt or loose hairs from their ear canals as they can be prone to infections.

Grooming Requirements Twice a week
Amount of hair shed Moderate
Avg. 4.2 / Ratings: 34

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